Seizures might be scary, particularly grand mal seizures that result in repeated head movements or flailing limbs. Typically, the first thing you want to do is to actually make the individual safe by lowering them to a floor and removing any potentially harmful objects from the area. Then, you’ll need to call emergency services, particularly when it’s the initial time the average person has ever endured a seizure. You have the ability to administer medications in the nose and through the mouth to greatly avoid a seizure, but none of the medications are FDA approved due to this found in the US not in the hospital. While maybe it’s possible to prevent a seizure, particularly when a person can appear one coming on, keeping the average person safe and waiting out the seizure may be whatever you have the ability to do.
Keeping the Person Safe
1Lower them to the ground. If anyone is sitting or standing, you’ll need to encourage them to the floor so they don’t really fall and injure themselves. Lower them in addition to you are able to to the floor, attempting to stay from the method of any flailing limbs.
- Place anyone on the side. To greatly help anyone breathe, turn them so they’re on the side. That can help keep their airway clear.
2Reduce the risk of injury by checking the area. Move anything away from the person that could cause them harm if they come in contact with it. Look for anything that is hard or sharp, and make sure it’s out of range.
3Place something soft under the person’s head. Often, seizures will result in repeated head movements. That could lead to the person injuring themselves if they bang their head against the floor. Place a pillow or a jacket underneath the person’s head to reduce the chance of injury.
4Stay clear of the person. Often, with a grand mal seizure, the person may flail their arms or legs. You shouldn’t try to restrain the person. In fact, once you have them safe, it’s a good idea to stay out of their way.
1Call an ambulance if it’s the first time the person has had a seizure. If you know the person well and they’ve never had a seizure before, you should call emergency services to get immediate medical care. They can assist in stopping the seizure once they arrive.
2Call emergency services if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes. Even if the person has had a seizure before, you should call emergency services if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes. Begin the timer as soon as you can get the person safe.
- You should also call emergency services if the person injures themselves, has trouble breathing, has more than one seizure in a row, or has another health condition such as diabetes or heart disease. Also call if the seizure happened in water or if the person is pregnant.
- If you are questioning whether or not you should call emergency services, give them a call. It is always better to call if you’re unsure.
3Stay with the person. If you’re the only person there, it’s important to stay with the person having the seizure so you can monitor them. Plus, they will be disoriented when they come out of the seizure, so they will need someone there.
- Try to stay calm and collected. Be sure to check the person for injuries as they come out of the seizure; look for blood or bruises. Keep in mind, they may not be able to answer questions due to disorientation.
Administering Rescue Medications
1Help someone who feels a seizure onset by keeping them water. In some instances, an individual may have the ability to tell a seizure is coming on. Because case, they could have a pill assured of stopping the seizure before it starts. Help anyone by finding them some water to take their medication.
- Typically, benzodiazepines, such as for example lorazepam, diazepam, and midazolam, are prescribed because of this purpose.
- If anyone has already been seizing, you ought not put a pill inside their mouth, as they may choke about it or inhale it within their lungs.
2Check for a medical alert bracelet or necklace. These pieces of jewelry can tell you whether the person is carrying medication that you can administer in case of a seizure. The jewelry can also tell you whether you should call emergency services or not, as well as who to call in an emergency.
3Spray liquid medicine into the individuals nose. In some instances, the individuals doctor may have prescribed a fluid medication, benzodiazepine, to them. This medication is then sprayed into the individuals nose. While this administration isn’t FDA-approved yet, it’s still common practice.
4Make use of a syringe to administer liquid medication to the cheek being an alternative.Open the bottle of medication, typically midazolam, and push a clear syringe into the utmost effective, pushing the plunger down. Turn the bottle over and withdraw the prescribed quantity of medication, that ought to be on the bottle.
- Hold the individual’s chin gently, and place the finish of the syringe between one’s teeth and cheek quietly that’s nearest the ground. Push the plunger down release a the medication.
- Sometimes, this medication will come in a pre-dosed ampoule as possible squeeze the medication from.
- The usage of this medication in this manner hasn’t been approved by the FDA beyond hospitals, although it has been approved in the UK. However, it’s still sometimes prescribed because of this purpose. Generally, this medication is prescribed for children.
Expect lorazepam or diazepam to be administered by IV. If anyone continues to be seizing once emergency services arrive, they’ll likely administer one of these brilliant two drugs in route to the hospital. They’ll likely use an IV to administer the drug, though diazepam are often administered rectally.